Dating ancient textiles
One of the most important structures that have been recovered is that of the “Priest King” from the city of Mohenjodaro in present-day Pakistan.
It is not only important because scholars have called it a representation of the assumed authority or head of the state but also because of what it is wearing.
Our knowledge of cultures varies greatly with the climatic conditions to which archeological deposits are exposed; the Middle East and the arid fringes of China have provided many very early samples in good condition, but the early development of textiles in the Indian subcontinent, sub-Saharan Africa and other moist parts of the world remains unclear.
In northern Eurasia peat bogs can also preserve textiles very well.
Research shows that indigo plantation was also prevalent.
The other important and probably one of its kind of sculpture is the dancing girl, also excavated from Mohenjodaro in present-day Pakistan. Lal has managed draw parallels between the dancing girl and women today in parts of Rajasthan and Gujarat.
The study of the history of clothing and textiles traces the availability and use of textiles and other materials and the development of technology for the making of clothing over human history.
Sources available for the study of clothing and textiles include material remains discovered via archaeology; representation of textiles and their manufacture in art; and documents concerning the manufacture, acquisition, use, and trade of fabrics, tools, and finished garments.
The cloth disintegrated and we have not been able to decipher the Indus script as of now.
But historians and archaeologists have managed to piece together some bits of information from clues found in sculptures and figurines.
Eastern European figurines wore belts, hung low on the hips and sometimes string skirts.
Archaeologists have discovered artifacts from the same period that appear to have been used in the textile arts: (5000 BC) net gauges, spindle needles and weaving sticks.